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Maratha King Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

The rise of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and the Marathas is an important factor in the history of India. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj(1627-1680 A.D.) was the founder of the Maratha kingdom.  He was greatly inspired by the heroes of Hindu mythologies and he considered it his mission to liberate India from Islamic rulers.  At a young age, he conquered the forts of Torna, Raighad, and Purandar. He used the guerrilla tactics to confront even the mightiest of the empires (that of Moghul emperor Aurangeb) India had known.  He imposed a land tax called Chauth on the kingdoms he conquered and use it to build a powerful Hindu army. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a brave and able administrator, and established a government that included such modern concepts as cabinet (Ashtapradhan mandal), foreign affairs (Dabir), and internal intelligence.

Timeline of Shivaji's Life

Year  Historical Event
1627      Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj born in the hill fort of Shivner.
1643-47 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's overran the hill forts of Kondana, Torana and Raigarh.
1647     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's Guardian Dadaji Khondev died.
1656     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj conquered Javli from Chandra Rao More.
1657     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj came into conflict with the Moghuls for the first time by making raids into Ahmednagar.
1659     Afzal Khan of Bijapur was killed by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
1663     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj made an attack on Shaistakhan's camp and wounded him.
1666     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj escaped from Agra.
1674     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj crowned himself at Raighad and assumed the title of Maharaja Chhatrapati.
1676     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj s last campaign against Jijapuri Karnataka. Captured Jinji and Vellore.
1680     Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj died.

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